NEW DELHI: On Friday, Union home minister Amit Shah introduced three bills in the Lok Sabha as substitutes for the Indian Penal Code, the Code of Criminal Procedure, and the Indian Evidence Act—laws that originated during the British colonial era.

Amit Shah said provision of sedition offences will be completely repealed in the new bill replacing the IPC. I can assure the House that these bills will transform our criminal justice system, the home minister said.
The Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023; the Bharatiya Nagarik Suraksha Sanhita, 2023; and the Bharatiya Sakshya Bill, 2023 will be referred to a parliamentary panel for thorough examination, Shah confirmed.

Shah said, “The laws that are slated for replacement… their original intent was to safeguard and bolster the British administration, with the primary focus being punishment rather than the delivery of justice. Through their substitution, the newly introduced trio of laws aims to prioritize the protection of rights for the citizens of India.”
“From 1860 to 2023, the country’s criminal justice system functioned as per the laws made by the British. With these three laws there will be a major change in the criminal justice system in the country,” he said.
“Under this Bill, we have set the goal that the conviction ratio has to be taken above 90 per cent. That is why, we have brought an important provision that the Sections which provide for 7 years or a greater jail term, under all those cases forensic team’s visit to the crime scene will be made compulsory,” Amit Shah said.
“The intention will shift from punishment to the provision of justice. Punishment will be administered to foster a sense of deterrence against criminal activities, ” the home minister added.
(With inputs from agencies)

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